A new artificial material mimics quantum entangled rare earth compounds

Journal Reference: Viliam Vaňo, Mohammad Amini, Somesh C. Ganguli, Guangze Chen, Jose L. Lado, Shawulienu Kezilebieke, Peter Liljeroth. Artificial heavy fermions in a van der Waals heterostructure. Nature, 2021; 599 (7886): 582 DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-04021-0 The researchers showed that by starting from seemingly common materials, a radically new quantum state of matter can appear. The discovery … Read more

How people understand other people

Journal Reference: Julia Wolf, Sabrina Coninx, Albert Newen. Rethinking Integration of Epistemic Strategies in Social Understanding: Examining the Central Role of Mindreading in Pluralist Accounts. Erkenntnis, 2021; DOI: 10.1007/s10670-021-00486-7 Strategies for understanding others In recent years, researchers have criticised mindreading for being too complicated and demanding to be a common strategy for understanding other people. … Read more

Can defects turn inert materials into helpful, active ones?

Journal Reference: Yu Lei, Srimanta Pakhira, Kazunori Fujisawa, He Liu, Cynthia Guerrero-Bermea, Tianyi Zhang, Archi Dasgupta, Luis M. Martinez, Srinivasa Rao Singamaneni, Ke Wang, Jeff Shallenberger, Ana Laura Elías, Rodolfo Cruz-Silva, Morinobu Endo, Jose L. Mendoza-Cortes, Mauricio Terrones. Low temperature activation of inert hexagonal boron nitride for metal deposition and single atom catalysis. Materials Today, … Read more

Repurposed ALS drug shows promise in mouse model of rare childhood genetic disorder

Journal Reference: Antony Cougnoux, Julia C. Yerger, Mason Fellmeth, Jenny Serra-Vinardell, Fatemeh Navid, Christopher A. Wassif, Niamh X. Cawley, Forbes D. Porter. Reduction of glutamate neurotoxicity: A novel therapeutic approach for Niemann-Pick disease, type C1. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 2021; DOI: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2021.11.008 The study was conducted by Forbes D. Porter, M.D., Ph.D., of NIH’s Eunice … Read more

Cystic fibrosis faithfully modeled in a human Lung Airway Chip

Journal Reference: Roberto Plebani, Ratnakar Potla, Mercy Soong, Haiqing Bai, Zohreh Izadifar, Amanda Jiang, Renee N. Travis, Chaitra Belgur, Alexandre Dinis, Mark J. Cartwright, Rachelle Prantil-Baun, Pawan Jolly, Sarah E. Gilpin, Mario Romano, Donald E. Ingber. Modeling pulmonary cystic fibrosis in a human lung airway-on-a-chip. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 2021; DOI: 10.1016/j.jcf.2021.10.004 Advances in patient … Read more

Giving social support to others may boost your health

Journal Reference: Tao Jiang, Syamil Yakin, Jennifer Crocker, Baldwin M. Way. Perceived social support-giving moderates the association between social relationships and interleukin-6 levels in blood. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2022; 100: 25 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.11.002 While researchers have long thought that receiving social support from others is a key to health, results from studies have shown … Read more

Pathway for ‘green ammonia’ opens in a combined experimental and computational study

Journal Reference: Qianru Wang, Jaysree Pan, Jianping Guo, Heine Anton Hansen, Hua Xie, Ling Jiang, Lei Hua, Haiyang Li, Yeqin Guan, Peikun Wang, Wenbo Gao, Lin Liu, Hujun Cao, Zhitao Xiong, Tejs Vegge, Ping Chen. Ternary ruthenium complex hydrides for ammonia synthesis via the associative mechanism. Nature Catalysis, 2021; 4 (11): 959 DOI: 10.1038/s41929-021-00698-8 There … Read more

Feast or forage: Study finds circuit that helps a brain decide

Journal Reference: Ni Ji, Gurrein K Madan, Guadalupe I Fabre, Alyssa Dayan, Casey M Baker, Talya S Kramer, Ijeoma Nwabudike, Steven W Flavell. A neural circuit for flexible control of persistent behavioral states. eLife, 2021; 10 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.62889 “For a foraging worm, the decision to roam or to dwell is one that will strongly impact … Read more

Clear as (quasi) crystal: Scientists discover the first ferromagnetic quasicrystals

Journal Reference: Ryuji Tamura, Asuka Ishikawa, Shintaro Suzuki, Takahiro Kotajima, Yujiro Tanaka, Takehito Seki, Naoya Shibata, Tsunetomo Yamada, Takenori Fujii, Chin-Wei Wang, Maxim Avdeev, Kazuhiro Nawa, Daisuke Okuyama, Taku J. Sato. Experimental Observation of Long-Range Magnetic Order in Icosahedral Quasicrystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2021; DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c09954 But their potential applications remain uncertain … Read more

Getting quantum dots to stop blinking

Journal Reference: Jiaojian Shi, Weiwei Sun, Hendrik Utzat, Ardavan Farahvash, Frank Y. Gao, Zhuquan Zhang, Ulugbek Barotov, Adam P. Willard, Keith A. Nelson, Moungi G. Bawendi. All-optical fluorescence blinking control in quantum dots with ultrafast mid-infrared pulses. Nature Nanotechnology, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41565-021-01016-w Now, a team of chemists at MIT has come up with a way … Read more

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